“For us rainy season is all about hot cup of tea and snacks, retro music in the background and the pitter-patter of the raindrops on your window pane”.

But this season is also a season of some diseases. You need to know about rainy season diseases that you need to look out this monsoon. While some are easily treatable a few can be life threatening.

1. Malaria

Malaria takes the number one spot. Female anopheles mosquito causes malaria; they usually breed in waterlogged areas. Thus, clean your water tank frequently to avoid the risk of malaria. The common symptoms of malaria are fever, shivers, muscle pain and weakness.

2. Diarrhoea

There are two main types of diarrhoea – acute diarrhoea and chronic diarrhoea. Both of these are highly preventable and treatable. In order to prevent this bowel problem, maintain proper hygiene, wash hands before handling food and drink only boiled water.

3. Dengue

The common symptoms of dengue are fever, body aches, joint pain and rash. Tiger mosquito causes this monsoon ailment. To avoid being a victim of tiger mosquito, use insect repellent and cover yourself properly with clothes.

4. Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. To prevent this monsoon ailment clean your water containers regularly and use insect repellent.

5. Typhoid

Typhoid fever is a serious disease spread by contaminated food and water. Symptoms of typhoid include lasting high fevers, weakness, stomach pains, headache, and loss of appetite. Some patients have constipation, and some have a rash.  Internal bleeding and death can occur but are rare.To prevent the occurrence of this problem wash your hands regularly, avoid consuming street-side food or water and drink plenty of healthy fluid.

6. Viral fevers

Viral fever is an acute viral infection. The most common viral fever is the seasonal flu or influenza. Children can catch viral fever easily. The virus is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread by physical contact through hands infected with the virus for example. Treatment for viral fevers or the viral flu is just to manage the symptoms of fever, cold and cough. There is no medicine that cures the viral infection. But these symptomatic treatments can help your baby feel better and might prevent him from developing further complications if he has the flu (influenza).

7. Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria (Leptospira interrogans) that produce a wide range of symptoms that may occur in phases; some patients may develop kidney or liver failure, respiratory failure, meningitis, or even death. The disease is spread by the urine of infected animals (many species, both domesticated and wild); the bacteria can survive in the water and soil for months. The disease is most common in temperate and tropical climates. To prevent this monsoon ailment cover your feet completely, when venturing outdoors and treat all kinds of cuts and bruises properly.

It is very important to keep yourself protected during the rainy season because you can catch infection frequently. It is always better to take precautions and be prepared whenever you go out of your home.